Balanced Scorecard History

The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) is commonly understood as a strategic planning and management system that is used for the last two decades. But the origins of BSC dates to the 19th century. Today it is used around the globe in civil service organizations, non-profits, businesses and governments. Organizations use the balanced scorecard to align their day to day operations with their vision and strategy. The history of the BSC is depicted in the infographic here.

19th Century

Performance Management is born


  • GE on Performance Measurement Reporting
  • French Process engineers creating Tableau de Bord


Arthur M.Schneiderman, Analog Devices – First generation Balanced Scorecard design


First documented study of the Balanced Scorecard


The Balanced Scorecard – Measures that Drive Performance by Kalpan and Norton


The Balanced Scorecard: Translating Strategy into Action – First book


The Strategy Focused Organization: How Balanced Scorecard Companies thrive in the new Business Environment


Strategy Maps: Converting Intangible Assets into Tangible Outcomes


The Execution Premium: Linking Strategy to Operations for Competitive Advantage


BSC is used around the world, Future focus on Governance and Risk Management Human Capital, with OKRs

1990-1996 1996-2002 2002-2008
A Measurement System (Scorecard) A Performance Management System (Strategy-Focused Organizations) A Core Competency (Strategy Execution)

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